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urban planning

Urban planning is the practice of creating and implementing a comprehensive plan to manage the development of towns and cities. It takes into account economic, social and environmental trends to make the best use of available resources. Urban planners are concerned with the layout and development of public facilities, roads, waterways, buildings, parks and land-use designations. They also consider transportation, demographics, energy and zoning laws in the course of their work.

The goal of a city planner is to create sustainable, efficient and attractive environments that attract new residents and businesses. To accomplish this, they need to understand the area’s natural and cultural history. For example, the physical environment of a city is shaped by billions of years of geologic activity. Mountain ranges formed, seaways came and went and continental ice sheets moved across the region. This information can help a planner predict how the environment will change in the future.

Ideally, an urban planner will develop plans that can be implemented over time and are consistent with an overall vision for the city. They should take into consideration the natural environment, existing and potential pollution, population density and traffic problems. They must also look at ways to enhance the local economy, including job creation and the promotion of tourism and business development.

To achieve a successful plan, an urban planner must have the support of the community. This means that he must engage the public in a positive way and listen to their concerns, but he should also be prepared for strong public opposition. This may occur if city planning proposals are perceived to be too costly, will not meet the needs of residents or could threaten their safety and well-being.

An effective urban planner will ensure that his plan is in line with a city’s infrastructure and other requirements. This includes the planning of streets, waterways, roads, bridges and railways. It also includes planning for sewage pipes, power lines and other utilities. Urban planners will also need to plan for public facilities, such as hospitals and schools.

When an urban plan is complete, it will contain a number of maps that show the current situation and the proposed plan in detail. These maps should be clear and easy to read. They should also include a legend that explains the various symbols used on the map.

A city planner must be prepared to spend a great deal of time on administration, which is different from the actual process of planning. To avoid this, a community should get involved in the planning process early on and offer its input regularly. This will help the process run more smoothly. It will also be more beneficial to the community in the long run. For instance, when a town or city invests in new infrastructure, the quality of life for its residents will improve. This is in contrast to a disorganized approach to building that can result in flashy stores and strip centers that only look good for awhile before they become obsolete.